Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) has been the most commonly used polymer in the production of plastic hospital products because of its cost effectiveness, flexibility, and optical properties. Two concerns have been raised about the safety of PVC:

Both dioxin and DEHP have been identified by the EPA as probable carcinogens and possible endocrine disrupters.

Products using PVC in the hospital include:

basins hemodialysis equipment patient i.d. bracelets
bedpans inflatable splints respiratory therapy products
blood bags IV containers stationery supplies
catheters lab equipment tubing
drip chambers medical gloves thermal blankets
enteral feeding devices packaging  

Health Care Without Harm's web site has more information on PVC & Medical Products.